Refractory Bricks

Magnesia carbon (MgO-C) bricks for EAF furnace

Mar 20,2024

Magnesia carbon (MgO-C) bricks are a type of refractory material widely used in the linings of electric arc furnaces (EAFs) due to their exceptional properties and performance under the extreme conditions of these furnaces. Here's an introduction to magnesia carbon bricks and their significance in electric furnace applications:


1. Composition: Magnesia carbon bricks are composed of high-purity magnesia (MgO) and graphite (carbon) as the main constituents, along with various additives and binders. The magnesia provides high-temperature resistance and chemical stability, while the graphite enhances the bricks' thermal conductivity and mechanical strength.


2. High-temperature resistance: One of the primary reasons for using magnesia carbon bricks in electric furnaces is their ability to withstand the extremely high temperatures generated during the melting process. These bricks maintain their structural integrity and performance even at temperatures exceeding 2000°C (3600°F).


3. Thermal shock resistance: Electric arc furnaces undergo rapid temperature changes during operation, particularly during charging and tapping processes. Magnesia carbon bricks exhibit excellent thermal shock resistance, minimizing the risk of cracking or spalling due to thermal cycling.


4. Chemical resistance: Magnesia carbon bricks are resistant to the corrosive effects of basic slag and molten metal, making them suitable for environments where steel and iron scrap are melted. This resistance ensures the durability and longevity of the furnace lining, even in harsh operating conditions.


5. Low oxidation: Magnesia carbon bricks have low oxidation rates, even at elevated temperatures and in the presence of oxygen. This property helps extend the service life of the bricks and prevents excessive wear and tear, reducing maintenance requirements and downtime.


6. Mechanical strength: Magnesia carbon bricks possess good mechanical strength, enabling them to withstand the mechanical stresses associated with furnace operations such as charging, tapping, and handling of the refractory lining. Their strength and stability contribute to the overall reliability and efficiency of electric arc furnace operations.


7. Reduced electrode consumption: The use of magnesia carbon bricks in EAF linings can lead to reduced electrode consumption due to their low electrical conductivity compared to other refractory materials. This can result in cost savings and improved energy efficiency over the long term.


In summary, magnesia carbon bricks play a crucial role in electric furnace applications by providing high-temperature resistance, thermal shock resistance, chemical resistance, and mechanical strength. Their exceptional performance contributes to the reliability, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness of electric arc furnace operations in the steel and metal industries.


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